We’ve all been in that situation… You turn on your computer and see the dreaded “Windows Update” screen, which can last anywhere from a few minutes to several hours!
Once a day, Windows 10 checks for updates. This is done in the background automatically. Windows does not check for updates at the same time every day, instead altering its timetable by a few hours to avoid overloading Microsoft’s servers with millions of computers looking for updates at the same time. If Windows detects any updates, it immediately downloads and installs them.
There are occasional days when no updates are available, thus Windows will not attempt to install anything. These are the types of updates that are made available.
Updates to antivirus definitions – several times a day
Windows 10 includes Microsoft’s own antivirus software. It protects your computer by running in the background. When you install an alternative antivirus, the built-in Windows antivirus is disabled, allowing you to use your preferred antivirus. While Windows Defender isn’t flawless and can’t provide 100 percent protection (no antivirus can! ), it’s faster and more effective than many other free and commercial antivirus programs, including Avast, AVG, Norton, and a few others.
Microsoft’s antivirus, like all security products, requires regular definition updates in order to recognize and catch the most recently found malware. These updates are simple, quick, and don’t require you to restart your computer. Unless you open the Windows Update page in Settings and keep an eye on it, you won’t even notice your PC is installing them.
Updates to drivers arrive on a regular basis.
Drivers are little pieces of software that enable your computer to use peripherals such as printers, WiFi adapters, and graphics cards. New versions of these drivers are occasionally released by hardware makers with bug patches or other enhancements. Vendors will provide updates to Microsoft if they are deemed significant enough, and Windows Update will automatically download the updated drivers. You may need to restart your computer after that, but you’ll have ample time to save all of your work and quit all of your apps.
Once a month, you’ll get a cumulative update.
Every month on the second Tuesday of the month, known as “Patch Tuesday,” Microsoft provides a so-called “quality update” for Windows. These are significant updates that include both security and bug fixes. Cumulative updates are so named because they package a lot of patches—even those from prior versions—so you just have to apply one big cumulative update even if your PC has been idle for a while.
A “quality update” can be an oxymoron at times! On the Internet, there are several examples about updates disrupting particular functions, rendering machines unusable, or even wiping user data! These incidents appear to be prevalent, but they are fact very uncommon, impacting just a few systems. Imagine updating hundreds of millions of PCs while also testing all of the different types of computers! Because this operation is nearly difficult, there will undoubtedly be some PCs that have been harmed by updates. Fortunately, it’s a rare occurrence. After all, would you rather have your computer crash till it’s fixed or have it hacked? I’d rather go with the first option!
A reboot is required for cumulative updates. They have access to critical files that cannot be changed while Windows is running.
In an emergency, out-of-band updates arrive.
While Microsoft usually waits until Patch Tuesday to issue security updates once a month, it does occasionally release “out-of-band” fixes. They’re termed so because they’re not released on a regular basis. These are usually only issued in emergency situations, such as when a zero-day security weakness is being exploited in the wild and the problem needs to be repaired right away. These updates usually necessitate a reboot as well.
Every six months, new features are added.
Every six months, Microsoft also releases new major versions of Windows 10. These are referred to as “feature updates.” They feature numerous modifications and enhancements. For example, the next scheduled update (April 2019) will include a light desktop theme with a new default desktop wallpaper, as well as a few other minor changes such as a speedier Start menu, file search, and other performance enhancements.
These updates are being rolled out slowly because Microsoft wants to ensure that you won’t have any problems executing them on your PC. Because these updates aren’t always installed automatically, many machines are still running the March 2018 iteration of Windows 10, despite the fact that it has been superseded by the October 2018 update!
These major updates always necessitate a restart and take an hour or two to install, depending on your computer’s speed. Windows is most likely installing a feature update if you get a “Working on Updates” box with a warning that “Your PC will restart multiple times.”
Some Windows settings are frequently reverted to factory defaults when you install a feature update. For example, if you use Chrome as your primary browser (as I do), you will most likely notice that Edge has taken its position. You’ll need to update your ClassicShell application as well if you replaced the default Windows 10 Start Menu with one that looks like Windows 7 (as I always do!).
Microsoft doesn’t give you as much choice over how and when Windows 10 updates are delivered because they come and are installed automatically. While this may annoy some, it is actually a positive thing! The following are some of the reasons why Windows updates are more crucial than ever.
The most crucial step is to set up your Active Hours, which is a time span you may specify to tell your PC when you’re generally using your device so it doesn’t restart automatically during certain hours. Here’s how to go about it:
1. Select Settings from the Start menu (the cog wheel). Alternatively, press Win+I.
2. Select Update & Security from the drop-down menu. If it doesn’t appear on the screen, simply scroll down 3. Set the Start and End times by clicking “Change active hours.”
That’s all; Windows won’t prompt you to restart your computer in the middle of the day anymore!